Here's a sample lesson plan for teaching vocabulary development and reading comprehension using principles from the science of reading for third-grade students:
Objective: By the end of the lesson, students should be able to use context clues to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words and demonstrate comprehension by answering comprehension questions.
1. Text passage with unfamiliar words
2. Large chart paper or whiteboard
3. Vocabulary word cards
4. Comprehension questions worksheet
1. Warm-up (5 minutes):
- Begin the lesson by reviewing previously learned vocabulary words.
- Engage students in a brief discussion about the importance of understanding new words in a text and how it helps with reading comprehension.
2. Vocabulary Instruction (15 minutes):
- Introduce the text passage and display it on the board or chart paper.
- Select a few unfamiliar words from the passage and display them using word cards.
- Discuss the importance of context clues in understanding the meaning of unfamiliar words.
- Model the process by using context clues to determine the meaning of one of the words.
- Engage students in a guided practice activity where they work with a partner to use context clues to determine the meaning of another word from the passage.
- Provide feedback and discuss the meanings of the words as a whole class.
3. Reading Comprehension (25 minutes):
- Instruct students to read the text passage silently.
- Have students underline or mark any unfamiliar words they encounter while reading.
- Distribute the comprehension questions worksheet.
- Review the questions as a class to ensure understanding.
- Instruct students to read the passage again, this time aloud or in pairs.
- Encourage students to discuss their answers and support them with evidence from the text.
- Allow sufficient time for students to complete the comprehension questions independently.
- Collect the worksheets and provide feedback.
4. Closure (5 minutes):
- Review the main points of the lesson about using context clues to determine word meaning and answering comprehension questions.
- Reinforce the importance of vocabulary development and reading comprehension in becoming proficient readers.
Note: Depending on the abilities and attention span of your students, you can modify the duration of each activity and include additional activities or strategies to support their learning.