Here's a sample lesson plan for teaching fluency and reading comprehension using principles from the science of reading for second-grade students:
Objective: By the end of the lesson, students should be able to read fluently with appropriate expression and demonstrate understanding of the text through answering comprehension questions.
1. Age-appropriate fiction or non-fiction text
2. Comprehension question worksheet
3. Timer or stopwatch
4. Whiteboard or flipchart
1. Warm-up (5 minutes)
- Begin by reviewing sight words or vocabulary words that relate to the text you will be using.
- Engage students in a brief discussion about the topic or theme of the upcoming text to activate their prior knowledge.
2. Model Reading with Expression (10 minutes)
- Read a segment or paragraph from the chosen text aloud, modeling good expression in your reading.
- Pause at appropriate places to demonstrate how to emphasize certain words or phrases that carry meaning.
- Discuss with students how reading with proper expression can make the text more engaging and easier to understand.
3. Choral Reading (10 minutes)
- Divide students into small groups and provide each group with a copy of the text.
- Read a sentence or two aloud, and have the students repeat after you, focusing on reading with expression.
- Continue to read and model good expression, gradually fading your voice and encouraging students to read aloud together.
4. Partner Reading (15 minutes)
- Pair students up and provide each pair with a copy of the text.
- Assign one student as "Student A" and the other as "Student B."
- Instruct students to take turns reading one paragraph each, practicing reading with expression.
- Encourage students to offer feedback and support to their partners, helping them improve their reading fluency.
5. Timed Reading (10 minutes)
- Set a timer for one minute and instruct students to read a selected passage from the text as fluently as possible.
- Remind them to focus on reading with proper expression and pace, not just speed.
- After the timer goes off, have students mark the last word they read.
- Provide each student with a graph or chart where they can track their progress over time.
6. Comprehension and Reflection (10 minutes)
- Distribute the comprehension question worksheet to each student.
- Instruct students to read the questions, then read the text independently and answer the questions.
- Once completed, review the answers together as a class, discussing how the text provided the information needed to answer each question.
7. Wrap-up (5 minutes)
- Lead a brief discussion on the importance of reading with expression for better comprehension.
- Reflect on individual progress and encourage students to continue practicing fluent and expressive reading at home.
Note: Adapt the lesson plan to fit the specific text and needs of your students. Also, allocate more or less time depending on the pace and engagement of your class.