Here's a sample lesson plan for teaching phonics and phonemic awareness using principles from the science of reading for first-grade students:
Objective: By the end of the lesson, students should be able to decode and blend CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) words.
- Whiteboard or chalkboard
- Markers or chalk
- Word cards or flashcards with CVC words (e.g., cat, dog, bat, hat, etc.)
- Letter cards or magnetic letters (corresponding to the sounds in the CVC words)
- Picture cards representing CVC words
Warm-up (5 minutes):
1. Begin the lesson by reviewing the sounds of individual letters with the students. Use letter cards or magnetic letters to reinforce the sounds.
2. Play a quick phonemic awareness game such as "I Spy" where students take turns identifying a sound they hear in the classroom or objects around them.
Introduction (5 minutes):
1. Introduce the concept of CVC words by explaining that these words consist of a consonant, a vowel, and another consonant (e.g., cat, dog, bat).
2. Show picture cards representing CVC words and ask students to identify the objects or actions depicted in the pictures.
3. Emphasize the sounds represented by the initial, middle, and final letters in the words.
Instruction (15 minutes):
1. Write a CVC word on the board (e.g., cat).
2. Say the word aloud and segment it into its individual sounds (/k/ - /a/ - /t/).
3. Blend the sounds together to say the word again: /k/-/a/-/t/ - cat.
4. Repeat these steps with a few different CVC words, gradually increasing the difficulty.
Guided Practice (10 minutes):
1. Distribute word cards or flashcards with CVC words to the students.
2. Have the students practice decoding the words by sounding out each letter and blending them together.
3. Provide support and guidance as needed, emphasizing the correct pronunciation of each sound.
Independent Practice (10 minutes):
1. Give each student a few word cards or flashcards with CVC words.
2. Ask the students to work independently to decode and read the words on their cards.
3. Circulate around the room, offering assistance and feedback.
Closure (5 minutes):
1. Review the lesson by asking students to share some of the words they read independently.
2. Provide positive reinforcement and praise for their efforts and progress.
For students who demonstrate proficiency with CVC words, provide additional challenges by introducing words with beginning blends or digraphs (e.g., stop, flag).