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What is the science of reading?

The science of reading refers to the interdisciplinary field of research that aims to understand the cognitive, linguistic, and neural processes involved in reading comprehension and development. It combines insights from various disciplines such as psychology, cognitive science, linguistics, neuroscience, and education to investigate how humans acquire, process, and comprehend written language.

Scientists studying the science of reading explore factors like phonological awareness (knowledge of sounds and their corresponding letters), decoding (ability to sound out words), vocabulary development, comprehension strategies, and other cognitive skills involved in reading. They also examine brain processes using neuroimaging techniques to understand the neural pathways involved in reading.

The science of reading has practical implications for educators, as it informs evidence-based instructional methods and interventions to promote reading proficiency and address reading difficulties, such as dyslexia. By studying reading from a scientific perspective, researchers strive to advance our understanding of this complex cognitive skill and enhance literacy outcomes for individuals of all ages and abilities.

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