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Sample Lesson for grade 4 students using principles from the science of reading.


Here's a sample lesson plan for teaching vocabulary development and reading comprehension using principles from the science of reading for fourth-grade students:

Objective: By the end of the lesson, students should be able to use context clues to determine the meaning of unknown words and apply reading comprehension strategies to answer questions.


- A variety of grade-appropriate texts (fiction and non-fiction)

- Chart paper

- Markers

- Word cards with unfamiliar words from the texts

- Reading comprehension graphic organizer


1. Warm-up (5 minutes):

- Review the meaning of some previously learned vocabulary words.

- Engage students in a brief discussion about how context can help them understand unfamiliar words.

2. Introduction (10 minutes):

- Introduce the concept of using context clues to determine the meaning of unknown words.

- Explain that context clues are words or phrases around an unknown word that can help students figure out the word's meaning.

3. Modeling (10 minutes):

- Choose a grade-appropriate text and read a short passage aloud.

- Pause at a few unfamiliar words and model the process of using context clues to determine their meaning.

- Think aloud to explain the reasoning and steps involved.

4. Guided Practice (15 minutes):

- Divide students into small groups.

- Provide each group with a different text containing unfamiliar words.

- Instruct students to work together to identify the unknown words and use context clues to determine their meaning.

- Circulate among groups, offering guidance and support as needed.

5. Group Discussion (10 minutes):

- Bring the groups back together for a whole-class discussion.

- Have each group share examples of unknown words they encountered and how they used context clues to infer their meaning.

- Summarize the strategies and techniques used, emphasizing the importance of using context to aid comprehension.

6. Independent Practice (15 minutes):

- Distribute individual reading passages to students.

- Instruct them to read the passage quietly and identify the unfamiliar words.

- Encourage students to use context clues to determine the meaning of the unknown words.

- Provide support and assistance as necessary.

7. Reading Comprehension Activity (10 minutes):

- Introduce a reading comprehension graphic organizer.

- Choose a short text and read it aloud or display it on a projector.

- Instruct students to independently read the text and complete the graphic organizer, focusing on the main idea, supporting details, and inferred meanings of unfamiliar words.

- Allow time for students to share and discuss their responses.

8. Wrap-up (5 minutes):

- Review the importance of using context clues to enhance reading comprehension.

- Invite students to share any new insights or strategies they have learned through the lesson.

Note: Adapt the time allocations and activities as needed to accommodate your specific classroom and student needs.

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